Biodiversity

With their steep terrain, fragmented landscape and thermal gradients, mountain ecosystems are host to higher species richness and levels of endemism than adjacent lowlands. Many organisms adapt and specialise in these microhabitats, which can provide islands of suitable habitat isolated from unfavourable surrounding lowlands. 
Biogeographically, the Hindu Kush Himalayas straddles a transition zone between the Palearctic and Indo-Malayan realms. Species from both realms are found in the region, with a high proportion of globally threatened plants and animals facing high levels of human pressure. The region hosts all or part of four areas labelled as Global Biodiversity Hotspots: the Himalayas, Indo-Burma, Mountains of South-West China, and Mountains of Central Asia. 
Mountain species with narrow habitat tolerance, particularly higher elevation forms and those with low dispersal capacity, are at high risk from the environmental effects of climate change. The region’s increasing population has led to widespread logging, intensive overgrazing, wetland drainage for subsistence purposes, and extensive clearing of forests and grasslands for cultivation. Inappropriate land management and ill-planned development have led to the fragmentation of remaining habitats. 

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Datasets

This checklist of bird diversity in the Far Eastern Himalayan Landscape (which covers parts of China, India, and Myanmar) contains a total of 908 species extracted from the literature on the landscape, including several peer-reviewed journals, books/chapters, and published reports.


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The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Paro, Bhutan between 2010 and 2013 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


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The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Paro, Bhutan for 2013 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


View Metadata

The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Bandarban, Bangladesh between 2013 and 2014 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


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The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Sarlahi, Nepal for 2014 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


View Metadata

The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Sarlahi, Nepal for 2013 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


View Metadata

The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Paro, Bhutan for 2014 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


View Metadata

The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Paro, Bhutan between 2013 and 2014 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


View Metadata

The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Swath, Pakistan for 2014 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


View Metadata

The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Swath, Pakistan for 2013 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


View Metadata



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