Biodiversity

With their steep terrain, fragmented landscape and thermal gradients, mountain ecosystems are host to higher species richness and levels of endemism than adjacent lowlands. Many organisms adapt and specialise in these microhabitats, which can provide islands of suitable habitat isolated from unfavourable surrounding lowlands. 
Biogeographically, the Hindu Kush Himalayas straddles a transition zone between the Palearctic and Indo-Malayan realms. Species from both realms are found in the region, with a high proportion of globally threatened plants and animals facing high levels of human pressure. The region hosts all or part of four areas labelled as Global Biodiversity Hotspots: the Himalayas, Indo-Burma, Mountains of South-West China, and Mountains of Central Asia. 
Mountain species with narrow habitat tolerance, particularly higher elevation forms and those with low dispersal capacity, are at high risk from the environmental effects of climate change. The region’s increasing population has led to widespread logging, intensive overgrazing, wetland drainage for subsistence purposes, and extensive clearing of forests and grasslands for cultivation. Inappropriate land management and ill-planned development have led to the fragmentation of remaining habitats. 

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Datasets

This is a list of seed plants (angiosperms and gymnosperms) recorded from the Toorsa Jigme Dorji Corridor, in Bhutan.


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This is a list of seed plants (gymnosperms and angiosperms) recored from the Singhalila Senchal corridor


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This is a list of seed plants (Angiosperms and gymnosperms) recorded from Senchal Mahananda Corridor.


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This is a list of seed plants (angiosperms and gymnosperms) recorded from the Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve in Bhutan.


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This is a list of seed plants (angiosperms and gymnosperms)recorded from the Singhalila National Park in India.


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This is a list of seed plants (angiosperms and gymnosperms) of the Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary in India.


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This is a list of seed plants (angiosperms and gymnopserms) recorded from the Neora valley National Park in India.


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This is a list of seed plants (angiosperms and gymnosperms) recorded from the Mahananda Wildlife sanctuary.


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This is a list of seed plants (Angiosperms and gymnosperms) recorded from Neora Valley Toorsa Corridor.


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This is a list of seed plants (angiosperms and gymnoperms) recorded from the Kangchenjunga Corridor on the Nepal side of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve.


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