The springs that dot the mid-hills provide people with daily water for household needs, livestock and crops. But there is almost no scientific understanding of spring hydrogeology and the way they’re managed by local communities, and many appear to be drying up. That leaves people at risk of water and food insecurity – particularly women, the poor, and the most vulnerable.
Reviving the springs begins with information. Comprehensive mapping and monitoring, often with the help of community members trained in the basics of geology and data collection, are among the steps that can lead to an action plan to revitalize a spring. Understanding how springs are managed at the grassroots and the role of local governments and communities, especially women, helps in devising workable solutions to keep the springs healthy and their water available for the future.