Regional Training on Biodiversity Management and Climate Change

Building capacity to better understand the challenges of biodiversity management in relation to climate change

Background

Biodiversity management within the framework of the “Convention on Biological Diversity” demands a wider vision and perspectives. It encourages adoption of “landscape approach” to conservation which considers biodiversity management across large areas of land, beyond the confinement of protected areas or even beyond the boundaries of one nation. It also recognizes human societies with their culture and tradition as an integral component of ecosystem and advocates for economic benefit for the communities who are directly depended on the biodiversity. However conservation of biodiversity while improving the livelihoods of communities who rely on biodiversity products and services continues to be a major challenge for biodiversity management. The lack of complete biodiversity assessment of a region also impedes on the conservation efforts. The uncertainties and impacts of climate change make this challenge more intricate. It is important therefore to understand the linkages between climate change and biodiversity and to have a thorough assessment of biodiversity in terms of ecosystem and services interdependency, the impact, and the measures required to respond to the challenge of biodiversity conservation in relation to climate change in the future.

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) has been supporting implementation of the three objectives of the Convention of Biological Diversity through promotion of the ‘Transboundary Biodiversity Management’ across its eight regional member countries. Since last two decades, ICIMOD, together with its partners have made considerable progress in promoting large scale conservation planning through adoption of landscape approach to biodiversity management. The conservation initiative in the Kangchenjunga Landscape has provided an exceptional opportunity for Bhutan, India and Nepal to develop a regional cooperation framework for biodiversity management within the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Framework had been an important tool for integration of regional efforts and had enabled coordination of various regional activities. A process towards developing such a framework has now begun for two other conservation landscapes in the HKH, the Kailash Sacred Conservation landscape shared by China, India and Nepal and the Brahmaputra Salween landscape shared by China, India and Myanmar.

About the training

ICIMOD as a knowledge, learning and enabling centre would like to share this regional learning and experience of the integrated biodiversity management through the “Regional Training on Biodiversity Management and Climate Change”, reflecting also the implications of climate change. The regional training is a part of the capacity building activity of the Biodiversity (Transboundary) Conservation and Management initiatives implemented in the Hindu Kush- Himalayan Region especially in the three transboundary conservation landscapes, namely Kangchenjunga, Kailash and Brahmaputra- Salween landscapes. The regional training will be organised by ICIMOD in Kathmandu and participation in the training is through invitation only.

The training is intended for biodiversity or wildlife extension workers, protected area managers, conservation practitioners, and environment educators from the government, academic institutes and civil society organisations.

The training includes series of interactive presentations that will provide an overview of different session topics under each module. A brief hands-out provided for each session topic will serve as a reference material, along with a copy of presentations and case studies. Training will incorporate group works, field exercises, case study analysis, and hands-on exercises to facilitate actual understanding of various tools on assessing biodiversity, socio-economic features, climate change impact, and vulnerability, including the assessment through use of GIS and RS tools.

Training objectives

Upon completion of the training the participants will

  • have enhanced understanding and awareness of the challenges and prospects of biodiversity management in the evolving context of climate change,
  • be aware of multidisciplinary approaches to develop a biodiversity and socio-economic knowledge base, and
  • be familiar with, and have had first-hand experience of, various scientific and participatory tools and methods for biodiversity and climate change assessment, including the use of geospatial tools and economic valuation of ecosystem services.

Modules Format and Sessions Structure

Module one: Introduction to biodiversity

Session 1: Components of biodiversity
Session 2: Threats to biodiversity

Module two: Introduction to climate change

Session 3: Climate change trends and perception
Session 4: Vulnerability and impacts

Module three: Biodiversity conservation and management

Session 5: Conservation approaches - past to present
Session 6: Protected areas and reserves

Module four: Responding to the challenges of climate change

Session 7: Climate change projection and scenario analysis
Session 8: Mitigation and adaptation

Module five: Key policy instruments linking biodiversity and climate change

Session 9: Regional and national instruments
Session 10: International Instruments

Module six: Tools for assessing biodiversity and socioeconomic elements for conservation

Session 11: Biodiversity survey and assessment
Session 12: Participatory approaches for socioeconomic survey

Module seven: Tools for assessing climate change impact

Session 13: Vulnerability analysis
Session 14: Scenario analysis and climatic models

Module eight: Fieldwork

Session 15: Field work

Module nine: Introduction to geospatial and RS tools for biodiversity management

Session 16: Introduction to geospatial tools + Arc GIS demonstration
Session 17: Remote sensing and biodiversity assessment
Session 18: Case study- land cover modelling