Improving understanding of atmosphere processes and change

This includes monitoring atmospheric composition and meteorology to detect changes, as well as improve understanding of physical and chemical processes of pollutant’s atmospheric transport, transformations, and removal through:

  • in situ long-term monitoring stations
  • coordinated multi-country field campaigns
  • computer modelling and satellite data analysis

Eight observatories and air quality stations in Chitwan, Lumbini, Ratnapark, Pulchowk and Dhulikhel, Nepal, as well as in Thimphu and Pasakha, Bhutan, are in operation.

Construction of the observatory in Gedu, Bhutan, and prerequisite paperwork for building on national forest land for its twin in Ichhyakamana, Nepal, are in progress.