Identifying, testing, piloting, and disseminating mitigation technologies and other solutions to reduce emissions from key sectors, including cooking, brick making, agricultural burning, and transport

We are studying why open burning of agricultural residue has increased, and potential mitigation options for this practice.

We are studying the emissions of different indoor cook stoves, and evaluating the adoption and performance of improved biomass stoves.

We are embarking on an ambitious plan to convert 80% of Nepal’s brick kilns to cleaner technologies. 

Reconstruction of Brick Kilns in Nepal

After the earthquake in Nepal in 2015, ICIMOD promoted the use of more efficient and less polluting zig zag kiln technology and seismically safer chimneys in rebuilding the Kathmandu Valley’s affected kilns. With the support of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, meetings were hosted that brought together engineers, architects, kiln owners, and policy makers and a manual with detailed engineering drawings was produced which served as a guideline for construction of improved brick kilns. By early 2016 12 kilns were fully reconstructed according to the new guidelines and were showing significantly reduced coal consumption and air pollution emissions. Around 20 more underwent conversion, and most of the remaining kilns in the valley have adopted some of the improvements.

Meanwhile, the establishment of training hubs to improve brick kilns has commenced in India and Nepal.