Resilient Mountain Solutions in the Hindu Kush Himalaya

Climate change and other environmental and socioeconomic drivers of change are testing the resilience of ecosystems and communities in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH). These changes affect biodiversity, ecosystem services, the livelihoods of people in the mountains, and have consequences for downstream communities who depend on these services. 
Temperatures in the mountains are rising faster than the global average. It is predicted that mountain areas will be up to two degrees hotter (1.8 ± 0.4˚C) by the end of the present century, even if global temperature change remains under 1.5˚C, as outlined in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Paris Agreement.  
Social and economic changes in mountain communities – high outmigration of men, labour shortages, and decreasing cultivation on arable land – pose challenges for agricultural productivity and natural resource management, and create additional responsibilities for women. 
The International Centre for Integrated Development (ICIMOD) and its partners have made significant progress in testing solutions and filling critical knowledge gaps on climate change, adaptation, and resilience in the HKH. Building the capacity of local institutions and forming dynamic, multi-stakeholder partnerships with governments, communities, and the private sector can help communities use this knowledge and enhance their long-term resilience and capacity to adapt to change.