What is the Indus Initiative?

Despite the importance of the Indus Basin, knowledge on the spatial and temporal aspects of water balance in the basin and the HKH region is inadequate. Rainfall—as short-term provider of runoff—and melting snow, and seasonal and melting ice—as long-term inputs to run-off—are theoretically well understood.

However, knowledge of the seasonal patterns of rainfall, spatial dynamics of seasonal snow cover, and the overall volume of the ice-reservoir (including permafrost) in the HKH is heterogeneous, with only some areas well documented. An overall, reliable climate sensitive water-balance model for the Upper Indus Basin is yet to be developed. The Indus Initiative seeks to contribute to increasing understanding of these and other issues.