Large parts of the HKH region continue to remain on the periphery of development, despite relatively more progress in the plains. Livelihoods are precarious and poverty is widespread region. It is now increasingly being realized that the economic relevance and effectiveness of development efforts need to be improved significantly in order to promote sustainable livelihood options and alleviate poverty. In order to better address economic issues and enhance the economic relevance of ICIMOD’s work in regional member countries (RMCs), ICIMOD has created an Economic Analysis Division (EAD). The primary function of the Division is to provide analytical and methodological inputs on economic issues to the three strategic programmes; as such it does not have any major projects of its own. EAD also carries out special studies that address regional economic issues such as the food crisis, water sharing issues and transboundary trade. Put together, the above outputs will enable EAD to develop knowledge products to share with partners across the HKH region and enhance their capacity to utilise economic tools to address relevant economic issues related to mountain development.